adorkableblackberry:

I just want to shout from the roof tops “this!”

1. The criminal must be someone mentioned in the early part of the story, but must not be anyone whose thoughts the reader has been allowed to follow.
2. All supernaural or preternatural agencies are ruled out as a matter of course.
3. Not more than one secret room or passage is allowable.
4. No hitherto undiscovered poisons may be used, nor any appliance which will need a long scientific explanation at the end.
6. No accident must ever help the detective, nor must he ever have an unaccountable intuition which proves to be right.
7. The detective must not himself commit the crime.
8. The detective must not light on any clues which are not instantly produced for the inspection of the reader.
9. The stupid friend of the detective, the Watson, must not conceal any thoughts which pass through his mind; his intelligence must be slightly, but very slightly, below that of the average reader.
10. Twin brothers, and doubles generally, must not appear unless we have been duly prepared for them.
Father Knox’s ten rules for writing a mystery, 1929. (The racist one is taken out)

vineweaver:

Video games are so weird. Hey you just killed a giant goat man, have a pair of shoes you’re not intelligent enough to wear.

theamazingspidermoo:

barrel—rider:

Expectations Vs. Reality / Game of thrones

abbyjean:

Charts from OKCupid, showing how straight women and men rate each other based on ages. For women, the men they find most attractive are roughly their own age. For men, the women they find most attractive are roughly the same age - 20 to 23 - regardless of the age of the man. (538)

zarabithia:

cptsmallass:

Prep him.

Whoa there, Satan.

liiiiiiing:

wintercyan:

totalnerdatheart:

I know Steve is really talented with his shield and is like an expert with it 

but just imagine him smacking it in his face 

or tripping over it

or waking up in the middle of the night and he shuffles off to the bathroom only to step on the edge of the shield and it smacks him in the shin and he curses loudly enough to wake up the other Howling Commandos who just sit up and start laughing at the way Steve is holding onto his leg and swearing 

Seriously, though, super-soldier or not, watching Steve learn to use his shield must’ve been A+ comedy!

Steve throws it at some HYDRA goons but misses them by a mile and it bounces off a wall and flies out through a window, and Steve is just standing there, whoops, while Bucky rolls his eyes, takes out the enemies with his rifle, and jogs back outside to fetch the shield.

Steve hasn’t learnt the ctrl+c to crouch move yet; he holds the shield in front of his face and a HYDRA sniper shoots him in the thigh. Bucky facepalms because Steve you idiot, the shield only protects the bits of youactually behind it. Eventually, Steve masters the art of hiding his entire body behind the shield, tortoise-style, by ducking and having Bucky chuck pebbles at whatever parts of him are sticking out - of course Bucky has a wicked good aim and an even more wicked sense of humour, and Steve ends up with some rather embarrassing bruises.

The Commandos are on a stealth mission to infiltrate a secret HYDRA base, except the shield slips, falls, and does that rolling-metal-lid-dropped-on-the-ground sound like clang!!-grooiinnng-rooiinng-ooiinnnng-rnnnng-rrnng-rrnng-rrnng until Steve puts his foot on it. Everyone stops and just stares at him.

Also, my personal headcanon is that Steve once bet the shield in a hand of poker and Bucky won it. So it’s actually been Bucky’s shield since October 1944, Steve’s just borrowing it.

FOR THOSE WHO DON’T LIKE TO TALK ON THE PHONE BUT WANT TO HELP KEEP THE INTERNET AWESOME

liberalsarecool:

laineydiemond:

  1. Go to  
  2. Click on 14-28 
  3. Comment “I want internet service providers classified as common carriers.”
  4. Done! 

Please reblog for people who have phone-related phobias or anxieties.

Be sure to hit “confirm” to send your comment.

tamorapierce:

kate-wisehart:

fandoms-bands-and-ink:

give-a-fuck-about-nature:

Another “unknown” victim of the pharmaceutical industries; the horseshoe crab. The horseshoe crab is used to anyone who has received an injectable medication. An extract of the horseshoe crab’s blood is used by the pharmaceutical and medical device industries to ensure that their products, e.g., intravenous drugs, vaccines, and medical devices, are free of bacterial contamination.

amielle, is this true????

This is to be true. However, if you read the link the companies (and there are only five of them licensed to do this, and it is EXTREMELY regulated) that bleed crabs take every precaution to not be assholes about it — they don’t use injured or weak crabs so they don’t risk hurting or killing them, they take the bare minimum (like donating a pint at the blood bank) and they return the crabs far enough away from the site they were harvested at so they don’t risk getting re-caught for bleeding.
Thaaats right. The crabs are returned to the open ocean. In the meantime, researchers are attempting to produce the necessary element to the blood without having to bleed the crabs.
Is it ideal? Not really. Crabs can’t talk to us and give consent to donate their blood, and it’s probably really scary and a bit painful. That’s why we’re working on finding a way to take the crabs out of the equation entirely.
Why is their blood so necessary? Because an ingredient in it is a superclotter that works around contaminants. 
The FDA requires testing with that ingredient - LAL - because it’s the safest and most effective way to ensure that your medicines and medical devices (pacemakers, implants, stints, prosthetics) are clean and safe for human use. 
There is no other safe means of determining that that are as effective. If you want possibly not-sterile pacemakers, then by all means, quit bleeding the crabs. 
Personally, I’m just going to lobby for more science funding so we can get that synthetic LAL as soon as possible.

talk about being on the horn of a dilemma.
These are among the oldest animals on the face of the earth, if they aren’t the oldest.  It makes me a little queasy to know they’re being kidnapped and milked and dumped someplace that’s not their home.

tamorapierce:

kate-wisehart:

fandoms-bands-and-ink:

give-a-fuck-about-nature:

Another “unknown” victim of the pharmaceutical industries; the horseshoe crab. The horseshoe crab is used to anyone who has received an injectable medication. An extract of the horseshoe crab’s blood is used by the pharmaceutical and medical device industries to ensure that their products, e.g., intravenous drugs, vaccines, and medical devices, are free of bacterial contamination.

amielle, is this true????

This is to be true. However, if you read the link the companies (and there are only five of them licensed to do this, and it is EXTREMELY regulated) that bleed crabs take every precaution to not be assholes about it — they don’t use injured or weak crabs so they don’t risk hurting or killing them, they take the bare minimum (like donating a pint at the blood bank) and they return the crabs far enough away from the site they were harvested at so they don’t risk getting re-caught for bleeding.

Thaaats right. The crabs are returned to the open ocean. In the meantime, researchers are attempting to produce the necessary element to the blood without having to bleed the crabs.

Is it ideal? Not really. Crabs can’t talk to us and give consent to donate their blood, and it’s probably really scary and a bit painful. That’s why we’re working on finding a way to take the crabs out of the equation entirely.

Why is their blood so necessary? Because an ingredient in it is a superclotter that works around contaminants. 

The FDA requires testing with that ingredient - LAL - because it’s the safest and most effective way to ensure that your medicines and medical devices (pacemakers, implants, stints, prosthetics) are clean and safe for human use. 

There is no other safe means of determining that that are as effective. If you want possibly not-sterile pacemakers, then by all means, quit bleeding the crabs. 

Personally, I’m just going to lobby for more science funding so we can get that synthetic LAL as soon as possible.

talk about being on the horn of a dilemma.

These are among the oldest animals on the face of the earth, if they aren’t the oldest.  It makes me a little queasy to know they’re being kidnapped and milked and dumped someplace that’s not their home.

Gun Terms for Writers

notevendoommusic:

superblys:

jamessblond:

As someone who writes fics with action sequences and the use of guns, I thought maybe it would be helpful to pass some things on. Even though I’ve done lots of research and talked with family members (I live in WI which is a big hunting state and we have lots of guns), I still catch myself making mistakes with specific terms and their usage. Reading more James Bond fics lately, I catch others making mistakes also. So here is a little guide to help writers. 

  • A ‘clip’ is something that stores multiple rounds of ammunition. It is not what you would insert into a handgun to load it. Clips make loading into a magazine easier because they simply store the rounds. It helps with organization. 
  • A magazine is what feeds the ammunition into the barrel. Magazines vary in capacity. They, unlike clips, are spring-loaded, which helps the ammunition move in the gun. So, when you want a character to reload, they would use a pre-loaded magazine, NOT a clip. 
  • A silencer is really a suppressor. ‘Silencer’ is a word that’s used in media to refer to a suppressor that doesn’t exist in real life. Guns that are suppressed will still be loud and have a sound. This is because compressed air will still leak out of the end of the barrel, you can’t silence a bullet moving extremely fast through the air, and you can’t silence the mechanical parts on a gun. There will be a noise, but it just won’t be as loud or more importantly, alert people in a nearby area that a gun was just fired. SO suppressor is a much more accurate term technically speaking. 
  • There are different kinds of suppressors. One important kind suppresses the muzzle flash. It’s likely a sniper would use this more than they would want to use a sound suppressor, as the muzzle flash more easily enables you to be spotted when you don’t want to be. These are simply referred to as flash suppressors. 
  • After a handgun runs out of ammunition, the slide will lock back into place and you will know that it is out. There is no ‘click’ signifying an empty weapon that is so dramatized in movies and tv. A more likely scenario that would prevent a gun from firing would be a jam. Or programming the gun to recognize certain palm prints. 
  • A great place for writers, in particular fanfic writers, who want information on guns is imfdb. You can find out what guns are used in movies and shows, and what guns characters use. You can also just search for guns. 
  • If you want to get really specific, check out YouTube. There are users who will post reviews of guns on there, which can be really helpful if you want to see how a particular gun looks or how to shoot it. 

So yeah! Here are just a few basic tips if you want to write a fic where a character uses guns. 

I see you’ve got terminology down, now let’s go for a little technicality. 

  • Firstly, let me explain the “kick” of a gun. A “kick” is the feeling of the round leaving the barrel of the gun.  Every gun has one, the impact of the “kick” depends on the caliber, make and type of gun.
  • Another way to describe a kick is the feeling of the gun exploding in your hand.  Of course, the gun doesn’t literally explode, but it is a great burst of power that only lasts a second.
  • For example: A .45 mm hand gun with have a bigger “kick” than a .22 mm hand gun.  If someone is a first time shooter and does not know what to expect, they would most likely drop the gun after firing it once due to the shock of the force being released in their hands.
  • Sniper Rifles are incredibly accurate and mainly used for long distance hits.  They are also ridiculously heavy, as most rifles are, therefore, be prepared for a gigantic “kick”.
  • Sniper Rifles are special because they are so powerful (they need to be in order to have the same impact a .45mm would 10 feet away compared to the shell half a mile away), thus a stand is required to use it.
  • No matter what you will always need a firm holding to place the rifle (besides your grip) in order to prevent the gun from falling over after it is discharged and injury to your person. There are ridiculously powerful guns.
  • General rule of thumb is that you place the butt of the rifle next to your shoulder, just below your clavicle.  I’m not very good at describing this position, so I suggest looking it up.  DO NOT place it anywhere in the armpit area, dislocation is likely to occur.  Depending on how prepare you are and the type of rifle being used (excluding snipers), bruising might occur.
  • You will be standing if you use a normal rifle, so make sure you are steady and prepared for the “kick” that follows after.
  • If you are using a sniper rifle, you will be on the ground or leaning against something.  Some people have special rests for their snipers specifically to fire the gun from any spot.  Point is: do not stand alone while firing this.  You will get hurt.

Other helpful tips:

  • Earplugs or Ear Protectors are your friends.
  • Safety glasses are also your friend to avoid shells from flying into your face.
  • Keep the safety on until you are ready to fire the gun.
  • If you are NOT currently firing the gun, whether it is loaded or unloaded, and it is in your hand, ALWAYS hold it with two hands and point it at the ground at your feet. DO NOT get distracted.
  • NEVER joke around with someone by pointing the gun at them.  EVEN IF YOU ARE ABSOLUTELY POSITIVE THAT THE GUN IS TOTALLY UNLOADED, MAGAZINE OUT OF PLACE, DO NOT RISK IT.  It is not funny.  Even if the gun is on safety, do NOT do it.  You could accidently switch off the safety or the gun could misfire despite the safety.
  • Lastly TWO HANDS.  One on the side near the trigger and the other underneath.  This is not the movies, do not attempt to fire a gun with one hand.  Not only will your aim be incredibly off if you are inexperienced but you will also endanger yourself as well as others if you lose control of it.
  • Guns can be scary and if you ever feel nervous or uncomfortable about firing one, do not do it. 

A few things I have to add to this:

The caliber of a round is usually measured in either millimeters or in hundredths of an inch. One “unit” of caliber, I guess, is one one-hundredth of an inch. For example, a 45-caliber round has a .45 inch diameter (which is why it’s called a .45).  DO NOT CONFUSE THIS WITH MILLIMETERS. .45 mm is NOT 45-caliber.

Common cartridges measured in millimeters with their respective calibers:

Rifles:

  • 5.56mm = ~.223 caliber
  • 7.62mm = ~.300 caliber
  • 12.7mm = ~.500 caliber

Handguns:

  • 5.64mm = .22 caliber*
  • 9mm* = .354 caliber
  • 10.16mm = .40 caliber*
  • 11.43mm = .45 caliber*

(*the measurement you’re more likely to see for each cartridge.)

In the case of rifles, cartridges meant for civilian use are usually designated as .223, .300, .308, etc. Designations such as 5.56mm, 7.62mm, etc. are usually indicative of military-grade ammunition. This is not always true, but usually that’s how it is.

Military-grade bullets are held to higher standards and typically cause more stress on the internal mechanism, and the guns they’re meant for are built to handle that. They can also handle civilian ammunition. It doesn’t work the other way around, however. Do not attempt to use military-grade ammunition in a civilian-model firearm that hasn’t been modified to handle it.

A few different kinds of cartridges:

- Full metal jacket, which gives increased penetration capabilities but doesn’t do much in the ways of expansion. Risky to use in situations with a lot of innocents around, as often they can over-penetrate and go on to hurt someone behind the target.

- Hollow-points, which expand like crazy when they hit something, causing massive internal damage to their target. Outlawed in warfare under the Hague Convention of 1899, but can be used by civilians.

- Soft-points, which serve as a happy medium between the penetration capabilities of full metal jacket rounds and the expansion of hollow-point rounds.

- Shot, usually rat-shot or snake-shot, which can be fit in bullets and used to kill small vermin at close range without doing a whole lot of damage to the surrounding area.

- Sub-sonic, which have a lower muzzle velocity and effective range, but will decrease the chance of overpenetration. This is also the ideal ammo choice for weapons fitted with suppressors, as subsonic rounds avoid the “crack” of a sonic boom that other bullets can make upon leaving the barrel.

micdotcom:

Do not adjust your browser, major websites are “slowing down” to save Net Neutrality

Sept. 10 has been designated as a day of “Internet Slowdown” in the Battle for Net Neutrality. All day, prominent websites and organizations — from the ACLU, WordPress.com, Vimeo, Meetup and Kickstarter — have added messages to their websites asking visitors to contact their lawmakers and the Federal Communications Commission in support of net neutrality.

This is what your browser could look like | Follow micdotcom 

a discussion on sexual orientation
  • me:

    *explaining various sexual orientations to a classmate*

  • classmate:

    wait, what's polyamory?

  • me:

    well, it's when someone has more than one intimate relationship at a time with the knowledge and consent of everyone involved.

  • professor:

    *overhears from front of class*

  • professor:

    that is d i s g u s t i n g

  • me:

    *defensively* um, actually, no it's--

  • professor:

    how DARE they put a greek prefix on a latin root like that?! What right do they have to decimate my beautiful antiquated languages?!?! GREEK AND LATIN DO NOT FRATERNIZE THIS IS LIKE THAT STUPID ROMANTIC SUBPLOT BETWEEN THAT DWARF AND THAT ELF IN THE DESOLATION OF SMAUG NO NO NO NO NO NO!!!

  • me:

    ....

  • me:

    ....

  • me:

    ....

  • professor:

    it should be polyerosy